The Government of Natural Resources: Science, Territory, and State Power in Quebec, 1867-1939
Published by: UBC Press
Imprint: UBC Press
Sales Date: 2022-01-15
Published: January 2022
240 Pages, 6.00 x 8.90 x 0.80 in, 12 b&w photographs, 21 maps, 12 charts/diagrams, 4 tables
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The Government of Natural Resources explores scientific and technical activity in Quebec from Confederation until the eve of the Second World War. Scientific and technical personnel are an often quiet presence within the state, but they play an integral role.
At the turn of the twentieth century, the provincial government created geology, forestry, fishery, and agronomy services. These new services drew from recently established university technical programs to amass a corps of skilled employees to support their mission: exploiting resources and occupying territory. Stéphane Castonguay traces the history of mining, logging, hunting, fishing, and agriculture in Quebec to reveal how territorial and environmental transformations thus became a tool of government.
By helping to define and shape such interventions, scientific activity contributed to state formation and expanded administrative capacity. The lessons that this thoughtful reconceptualization of resource development offers reach well beyond provincial borders.
Foreword: Science in Action / Graeme Wynn
1 The Administrative Capacities of the Quebec State: Specialized Personnel and Technoscientific Interventions
2 The Invention of a Mining Space: Geological Exploration and Mineralogical Knowledge
3 Soil Classification and Separation of Forest and Colonization Areas: Scientific Forestry and Reforestation
4 Surveillance and Improvement of Fish and Game Territories: Conservation of Wildlife Resources
5 Regionalization and Specialization of Agricultural Production: Disseminating Agronomic Knowledge
Conclusion: Knowledge, Power, and Territory
Appendix: Identification of Technoscientific Activities in the Public Accounts (1896–1940)
Notes; Bibliography; Index
The author provides great detail on the history of technical and scientific advances in the four natural resource areas of Quebec from 1867 to 1939.J. Organ, emeritus, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Choice Connect
In meticulously detailed chapters devoted to the development of mining, forestry, wildlife conservation, and agriculture, Casonguay shows how Quebec took control of its resources. Geoff White, Literary Review of Canada