The Verbal Aspect Integral to the Perfect and Pluperfect Tense-Forms in the Pauline Corpus: A Semantic and Pragmatic Analysis
Published by: Peter Lang Inc., International Academic Publishers
Imprint: Peter Lang, International Academic Publishers
Sales Date: 2022-09-12
Published: September 2022
Dimensions: 150.00 x 225.00
150.00 x 225.00 mm
In StockAdd to Wishlist
This book argues that the verbal aspect of the Greek Perfect is complex, involving not one but two aspects, where the perfective applies to events and the imperfective applies to states. These two aspects are connected to specific morphemes in the Perfect tense-form. This study analyses Perfect tense-forms in discursive text by focusing on the Pauline Corpus. The method is grounded in grammaticalisation studies and informed by morphology, comparative linguistics, and historical linguistics. The argument is further supported by a corpus-based study showing both the Greek Perfect tense-form use in letters over an 800-year period and adverb collocations of the Perfect tense-form. The adverb collocations establish when a Perfect is used for an event or for a state. This study challenges other verbal aspect studies that find only one verbal aspect to explain the Greek Perfect. This study situates the Pauline Perfect tense-form usage within a spectrum of other letter writers, and finds that within the Pauline Corpus the Perfects within supplemental clauses are more likely to use active lexemes than other letter writers. This study also finds that most of the Perfects used in letters are supplemental to the mainline and are often backgrounded rather than foregrounded.
List of Figures – Series Editor Preface – Author’s Preface – Introduction – Overview of Verbal Aspect Studies as Related to the Greek Perfect and Pluperfect Tense- Forms – A Way Forward – The Complex Aspect of the Perfect Tense- Form in the Pauline Corpus – Comparing the Pauline Corpus to a Diachronic Corpus of Epistolary and Moral Literature – Conclusion – Bibliography – Rationale and Purpose of the Appendices –Chart of Morphemes – Chart of Stem Count – Chart of Stems by Frequency – Chart of Context – Chart of Adverbial Modification of Stative Perfects – Chart of Adverbial Modification of Eventive Perfects – Adverb Frequency Data – Key Adverbs – Chart of Adverbial Modification of Perfects used in Citational or Referential ways – Chart of Pauline Corpus Examples with Perfects – Chart of Analysis Corpus Examples with Perfects – Chart of Selected Verbs Found in the Perfect Tense- Form within the Pauline Corpus Fully Conjugated – Author Index – Text Reference Index – Subject Index.
“James Sedlacek’s research offers a fresh way forward in understanding the Greek synthetic perfect tense-form based on his thorough investigation of both recent and older scholarship on the topic, on his own comprehensive analysis of the Pauline Corpus, and comparison between Paul and a diachronic Greek epistolary and moral literature corpus from 400 BCE to 400 CE. His work is both systematic and clear, complex and balanced, interdisciplinary and most innovative in arguing for the presence of both perfective and imperfective aspects in the Greek synthetic perfect.”
—Revd. Svetlana Khobnya, Senior Lecturer in Biblical Studies and Languages, Nazarene Theological College, Manchester
“Sedlacek provides a coherent, well theorised, and carefully argued case for a complex aspect for the synthetic Greek perfect tense-form in the Pauline corpus and comparative sources from ca 400 BCE to 400 CE. His critique of previous scholarship on the topic identifies areas of misunderstanding in ways that will unsettle serious students of Hellenistic Greek and arouse their interest in Sedlacek’s own constructive proposals.”
—Todd Klutz, Senior Lecturer in Biblical Studies and Early Christian Literature, University of Manchester
“James Sedlacek’s analysis of verbal aspect with respect to perfects in the Pauline writings brings to the table a multidisciplinary approach that invokes corpus linguistics in the pursuit of both semantic and pragmatic angles. He interacts with major published works on aspect, arguing that (plu-)perfect forms point to an imperfective state, a perfect action, or both, while noting that context-relevance cannot be discerned merely from the use of the form itself. Readers will appreciate the author’s care in documenting his interactions via substantive citations of current scholarship as well as charting of the Pauline, classical and patristic Greek data that go to the argument. The discussion is engaging and quite informative in its pursuit of advancing our understanding of perfect ‘tense’ forms.”
—Jonathan M. Watt, Professor of Biblical Studies, Chair of Department of Bible Christian Ministries and Philosophy, Geneva College, Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania