The American Western in Canadian Literature
Published by: University of Calgary Press
Imprint: University of Calgary Press
Sales Date: 2022-06-15
Published: June 2022
424 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 x 1.00 in
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The Western, with its stoic cowboys and quickhanded gunslingers, is an instantly recognizable American genre that has achieved worldwide success. Cultures around the world have embraced but also adapted and critiqued the Western as part of their own national literatures, reinterpreting and expanding the genre in curious ways. Canadian Westerns are almost always in conversation with their American cousins, influenced by their tropes and traditions, responding to their politics, and repurposing their structures to create a national literary phenomenon.
The American Western in Canadian Literature examines over a century of the development of the Canadian Western as it responds to the American Western, to evolving literary trends, and to regional, national, and international change. Beginning with Indigenous perspectives on the genre, it moves from early manifestations of the Western in Christian narratives of personal and national growth, and its controversial pulp-fictional popularity in the 1940s, to its postmodern and contemporary critiques, pushing the boundary of the Western to include Northerns, Northwesterns, and post-Westerns in literature, film, and wider cultural imagery.
The American Western in Canadian Literature is more than a simple history. It uses genre theory to comment on historical perspectives on nation and region. It includes overviews of Indigenous and settler-colonial critiques of the Western, challenging persistent attitudes to Indigenous people and their traditional territories that are endemic to the genre. It illuminates the way that the Canadian Western enshrines, hagiographies, and ultimately desacralizes aspects of Canadian life, from car culture to extractive industries to assumptions about a Canadian moral high ground. This is a comprehensive, highly readable, and fascinating study of an underexamined genre.
Introduction: Signposts and Scales
Scaling and Spacing the Genre: Transnationalism, Nationalism, and Regionalism
Tom King?s John Wayne: Indigenous Perspectives on the Western
The Northwestern Cross: Christianity and Transnationalism in Early Canadian Westerns
From Law to Outlaw: The Second World War, Westerns, and the ?40s Pulps
CanLit?s Postmodern Westerns: Ghosts and the Cowgirl Riding Off into the Sunrise
Degeneration Through Violence: Contemporary Historical Westerns and Posthuman Horsemen
Conclusion: Mining the Western in the 21st Century