A Historical and Legal Study of Sovereignty in the Canadian North: Terrestrial Sovereignty, 1870-1939

By Gordon W. Smith and P. Whitney Lackenbauer and Tom and Nell Smith

© 2014

Gordon W. Smith, PhD, dedicated much of his life to researching Canada?s sovereignty in the Arctic. His 1952 dissertation from Columbia University on ?The Historical and Legal Background of Canada?s Arctic Claims? remains a foundational work on the topic, as does his 1966 chapter "Sovereignty in the North: The Canadian Aspect of an International Problem" in R. St. J. Macdonald?s The Arctic Frontier.

A Historical and Legal Study of Sovereignty in the Canadian North is the first in a project to edit and publish Smith?s unpublished opus-a manuscript on sovereignty and related Law of the Sea issues. Researched and written over three decades, this comprehensive and thoroughly documented study offers important insights into evolving understandings of Canada?s sovereignty from the original transfers of the northern territories to the young dominion through the start of the Second World War. With Arctic issues once again at the forefront of public debate, this invaluable resource-available to researchers outside of government for the first time-explains how Canada laid the historical and legal foundations to support its longstanding, well-established sovereignty over Arctic lands.

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Product Details

  • Publisher: University of Calgary Press
  • Page Count: 512 pages
  • Dimensions: 8.5in x 1.3in x 11.0in
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  • PUBLISHED NOV 2014
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    ISBN 9781552387207

A Historical and Legal Study of Sovereignty in the Canadian North: Terrestrial Sovereignty, 1870-1939

By Gordon W. Smith and P. Whitney Lackenbauer and Tom and Nell Smith

© 2014

Gordon W. Smith, PhD, dedicated much of his life to researching Canada?s sovereignty in the Arctic. His 1952 dissertation from Columbia University on ?The Historical and Legal Background of Canada?s Arctic Claims? remains a foundational work on the topic, as does his 1966 chapter "Sovereignty in the North: The Canadian Aspect of an International Problem" in R. St. J. Macdonald?s The Arctic Frontier.

A Historical and Legal Study of Sovereignty in the Canadian North is the first in a project to edit and publish Smith?s unpublished opus-a manuscript on sovereignty and related Law of the Sea issues. Researched and written over three decades, this comprehensive and thoroughly documented study offers important insights into evolving understandings of Canada?s sovereignty from the original transfers of the northern territories to the young dominion through the start of the Second World War. With Arctic issues once again at the forefront of public debate, this invaluable resource-available to researchers outside of government for the first time-explains how Canada laid the historical and legal foundations to support its longstanding, well-established sovereignty over Arctic lands.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Publisher: University of Calgary Press
  • Page Count: 512 pages
  • Dimensions: 8.5in x 1.3in x 11.0in

I strongly recommend this present volume to all Canadians and others interested in issues of Canadian Sovereignty in the Arctic

-Colonel (Ret'd) Brian K. Wntzell, Canadian Naval Review


One of the most comprehensive and detailed histories of Canada?s Arctic sovereignty.

-Adam Lajeunesse, Canadian Journal of History


The book is a significant contribution to the field of Arctic studies whether those studies involve history, law, political science or other cognate areas where questions of Canadian sovereignty over the Arctic lands are mooted. It is a critical part of Canadian history and while there have been recent books on some of the contents of the manuscript, none approach the depth of what Smith accomplished. This is a major and brilliant piece of work on a subject of high interest and importance nationally and globally.

-Ted L. McDorman, Professor of Law and of Geography, University of Victoria


Foreward
Tom and Nell Smith

Editor?s Note
P. Whiteny Lackenbauer

Introduction: Territorial Sovereignty before 1879
1. The Transfers of Arctic Territories from Great Britain to Canada 1870-80
2. Period of Relative Inactivity and Unconcern, 1880-95
3. Organization and Administration of the NWT, 1895-1918
4. Whaling and the Yukon Gold Rush
5. The Alaska Boundary Dispute
6. Foreign Explorers in the Canadian North, 1877-1917
7. Canadian Government Expeditions to Northern Waters, 1897-1918
8. The Sector Principle and the Background of Canada?s Sector Claim
9. Vilhjalmer Stefansson and His Plans for Northern Enterprise after the First World War
10. Danish Sovereignty, Greenland, and the Ellesmere Island Affair of 1919-21
11. The Wrangel Island Affair of the Early 1920s
12. The Question of Sovereignty over the Sverdrup Islands, 1925-30
13. The Eastern Greenland Case and Its Implications for the Canadian North
14. American Explorers in the Canadian Arctic and Related Matters, 1918-39
15. The Eastern Arctic Patrol, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and Other Government Activities, 1922-39
16. Epilogue: Henry Larsen, the St. Roch, and the Northwest Passage Voyage of 1940-42

Notes
Bibliography
Additional Readings
Index





















DR. GORDON W. SMITH (1918-2000) was a historian who spent his early career as a professor in Canada, the West Indies, and Africa. He devoted the last twenty-five years of his life to researching and writing the international history of the Canadian Arctic.|
P. WHITNEY LACKENBAUER is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of History at St. Jerome?s University in Waterloo, Ontario, and the author of numerous books, including The Canadian Rangers: A Living History (2013), and co-author of Arctic Front: Defending Canadian Interests in the Far North, which won the Donner Prize in 2009.

Foreword
Tom and Nell Smith
Editor?s Note
P. Whitney Lackenbaue

Introduction: Territorial Sovereignty Before 1879
1. The Transfers of Arctic Territories form Great Britain to Canada
2. Period of Relative Inactivity and Unconcern, 1870-80
3. Organization and Administration of the NWT, 1894-1918
4. Whaling and the Yukon Gold Rush
5. The Alaska Boundary Dispute
6. Foreign Explorers in the Canadian North, 1877-1917
7. Canadian Government Expeditions to Northern Waters, 1897-1918
8. The Sector Principle and the Background of Canada?s Sector Claim
9. Vilhjalmur Stefannson and His Plans for Northern Enterprise after the First World War
10. Danish Sovereignty, Greenland, and the Ellesmere Island Affair of 1919-21
11. The Wrangel Island Affair of the Early 1920s
12. The Question of Sovereignty over the Sverdrup Islands, 1925-30
13. The Easter Greenland Case and Its Implications for the Canadian North
14. American Explorers in the Canadian Arctic and Related Matters, 1918-39
15. The Eastern Arctic Patrol, The Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and Other Government Activities, 1922-39
16. Epilogue: Henry Larsen, the St. Rock, and the Northwest Passage Voyage of 1940-42

Notes
Bibliography
Additional Readings
Index























BPAA Alberta Book Publishing Award for Scholarly and Academic Book
2015
Canadian Nautical Research Society Keith Matthews Award
2015
NASOH John Lyman Book Award for Canadian Naval and Maritime History
2014